Braille is a tactic writing system to allow those who cannot see the ability to read text. It is a series of raised dots made into shapes that the person runs their fingers over, and the impressions of the dots translate into words. There are three levels of braille used in English. The first one is words written out into longhand, such as the sentence “I do not want to go.” The second uses contractions and abbreviations “I don’t want to go.” The third is other nonstandard symbols, such as hashtags and different forms of punctuation.
Braille allows for people who are visually impaired the means of reading quickly, moving the hand across the braille cards and translating the dots into letters. As the students feel the pressures and different dot formations, they can translate the braille and discover it’s meaning. Braille can be written if needed using a slate and stylus, or even a braille typewriter that has keys for each dot.
The idea of braille was created by the French general Napoleon, who wanted an easy way for his men to communicate at night without the use of noise or lights in enemy territory. While the older forms of braille were too hard for most soldiers to read, a man named Louis Braille took the system and turned it into what we know today.
While braille can be read and written by those who are visually impaired and is often taught to them at a young age so they can master the skill when they are older, braille has been declining with the rise of computer software. However, braille books and other forms of reading and writing equipment are all still used and purchased by the visually impaired, and it shows no signs of slowing down.